• new catalytic technology commercialized in the usa during the

    New catalytic technology commercialized in the USA during the

    Applied Catalysis, 78 (1991) 141-173 Elsevier Science Publishers B.V., Amsterdam Review 141 New catalytic technology commercialized in the USA during the 1980's John N. Armor Air Products and Chemicals, Inc., 7201 Hamilton Blvd., Allentown, PA 18195 (USA), tel. (+1-215)4815791, fax.

  • new catalytic technology commercialized in the usa during the

    New catalytic technology commercialized in the USA during the

    This article extends an earlier summary on the same subject done for the 1980s. It summarizes catalytic chemical, petroleum, biochemical, and environmental technology that was successfully commercialized during the decade of the 1990s within the USA.

  • 2 new opportunities in catalytic technology | catalysis looks

    2 NEW OPPORTUNITIES IN CATALYTIC TECHNOLOGY | Catalysis Looks

    The chemical industry is one of the largest of all U.S. industries, with sales in 1990 of $292 billion and employment of 1.1 million. 1 It is one of the nations's few industries that produces a favorable trade balance; the United States now exports chemical products amounting to almost twice the value of those that it imports (exports of roughly $37 billion compared to imports valued at about

  • technological and industrial history of the united states

    Technological and industrial history of the United States

    One of the real impetuses for the United States entering the Industrial Revolution was the passage of the Embargo Act of 1807, the War of 1812 (1812–14) and the Napoleonic Wars (1803–15) which cut off supplies of new and cheaper Industrial revolution products from Britain. The lack of access to these goods all provided a strong incentive to

  • catalytic advancements since haber bosch - ammonia know how

    Catalytic Advancements since Haber Bosch - Ammonia Know How

    Although the technology changed very little during this period, production capacity increased significantly driven by nitrogen products demand during World War II. In 1932, there were only ten plants in the United States. By the early 1940’s, 10 more plants had been built in the US with a total capacity more than twice that in 1932.

  • new technology promises better catalytic converter | the

    New technology promises better catalytic converter | The

    A novel design for a catalytic converter disperses nanoparticles of the catalytic noble metal platinum on nanowires and then sheaths the wires is a layer of silica pierced with holes. The silica prevents the platinum catalyst from aggregating, while the pores allow gases to reach the platinum catalyst. The design might one day reduce the amount of platinum needed to detoxify exhaust gases.

  • new catalytic technology commercialized in the usa during the

    New catalytic technology commercialized in the USA during the

    Applied Catalysis, 78 (1991) 141-173 Elsevier Science Publishers B.V., Amsterdam Review 141 New catalytic technology commercialized in the USA during the 1980's John N. Armor Air Products and Chemicals, Inc., 7201 Hamilton Blvd., Allentown, PA 18195 (USA), tel. (+1-215)4815791, fax.

  • new catalytic technology commercialized in the usa during the

    New catalytic technology commercialized in the USA during the

    This article extends an earlier summary on the same subject done for the 1980s. It summarizes catalytic chemical, petroleum, biochemical, and environmental technology that was successfully commercialized during the decade of the 1990s within the USA.

  • new catalytic technology commercialized in the usa during the

    New catalytic technology commercialized in the USA during the

    This review attempts to summarize catalytic chemical, petroleum, and environmental technology and catalysts that reached a commercial level in the USA during the decade of the 1990s. The information expands an earlier summary for the prior decade and published in 1991 [1] ; there over 130 specific examples summarized.

  • 2 new opportunities in catalytic technology | catalysis looks

    2 NEW OPPORTUNITIES IN CATALYTIC TECHNOLOGY | Catalysis Looks

    The chemical industry is one of the largest of all U.S. industries, with sales in 1990 of $292 billion and employment of 1.1 million. 1 It is one of the nations's few industries that produces a favorable trade balance; the United States now exports chemical products amounting to almost twice the value of those that it imports (exports of roughly $37 billion compared to imports valued at about

  • a history of industrial catalysis - sciencedirect

    A history of industrial catalysis - ScienceDirect

    The often novel, catalytic properties of zeolites created new commercial applications, while environmental legislation created market pull to use catalysis to meet the new regulatory standards. As we move forward into the new century, we continue to see market pull from growing interests in biomass, sustainability, emissions control, and energy.

  • blood transfusion in the first world war

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    Blood transfusion is often cited as a major medical advancement of the First World War, and possible only because of innovations made shortly before the United States entered the war. Transfusion at the Start of the 20th Century. Blood transfusion had been attempted throughout history but generally failed due to a variety of factors.

  • new catalytic technology commercialized in the usa during the

    New catalytic technology commercialized in the USA during the

    Applied Catalysis, 78 (1991) 141-173 Elsevier Science Publishers B.V., Amsterdam Review 141 New catalytic technology commercialized in the USA during the 1980's John N. Armor Air Products and Chemicals, Inc., 7201 Hamilton Blvd., Allentown, PA 18195 (USA), tel. (+1-215)4815791, fax.

  • new catalytic technology commercialized in the usa during the

    New catalytic technology commercialized in the USA during the

    This article extends an earlier summary on the same subject done for the 1980s. It summarizes catalytic chemical, petroleum, biochemical, and environmental technology that was successfully commercialized during the decade of the 1990s within the USA.

  • 2 new opportunities in catalytic technology | catalysis looks

    2 NEW OPPORTUNITIES IN CATALYTIC TECHNOLOGY | Catalysis Looks

    The chemical industry is one of the largest of all U.S. industries, with sales in 1990 of $292 billion and employment of 1.1 million. 1 It is one of the nations's few industries that produces a favorable trade balance; the United States now exports chemical products amounting to almost twice the value of those that it imports (exports of roughly $37 billion compared to imports valued at about

  • catalytic emissions reduction systems for outdoor wood

    Catalytic Emissions Reduction Systems for Outdoor Wood

    These systems are also referred to as outdoor wood-fired hydronic heaters or outdoor wood-fired furnaces. There are currently over 500,000 OWBs installed, primarily in the northern US. During the Phase I SBIR project, a catalytic combustor system that can be retrofitted onto existing OWBs to reduce their emissions was designed and tested.

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    These Are the Best Inventions to Come From Every State

    The Chinese had been using toilet paper for thousands of years by the time the 1850s rolled around, but that’s when New Yorker Joseph C. Gayetty first commercialized the idea of good old T.P. on

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    SoCalGas Works to Develop New Technology that Makes Carbon

    The technology commercialization team includes SoCalGas, C4, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), a U.S. Department of Energy national laboratory located in Richland, Washington, and West

  • new catalytic technology commercialized in the usa during the

    New catalytic technology commercialized in the USA during the

    Applied Catalysis, 78 (1991) 141-173 Elsevier Science Publishers B.V., Amsterdam Review 141 New catalytic technology commercialized in the USA during the 1980's John N. Armor Air Products and Chemicals, Inc., 7201 Hamilton Blvd., Allentown, PA 18195 (USA), tel. (+1-215)4815791, fax.

  • new catalytic technology commercialized in the usa during the

    New catalytic technology commercialized in the USA during the

    This review attempts to summarize catalytic chemical, petroleum, and environmental technology and catalysts that reached a commercial level in the USA during the decade of the 1990s. The information expands an earlier summary for the prior decade and published in 1991 [1] ; there over 130 specific examples summarized.

  • new catalytic technology commercialized in the usa during the

    New catalytic technology commercialized in the USA during the

    This review demonstrates that catalytic chemistry clearly continued to play a major role in enhancing a number of businesses on a worldwide basis. In addition some perspectives are provided for future developments in catalyst technology during the next decade.

  • new catalytic technology commercialized in the usa during the

    New catalytic technology commercialized in the USA during the

    This article extends an earlier summary on the same subject done for the 1980s. It summarizes catalytic chemical, petroleum, biochemical, and environmental technology that was successfully commercialized during the decade of the 1990s within the USA.

  • new catalytic technology commercialized in the usa during the

    New Catalytic Technology Commercialized in the USA During the

    New Catalytic Technology Commercialized in the USA During the 1990s Article in Applied Catalysis A General 222(1):407-426 · December 2001 with 30 Reads How we measure 'reads'

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    Across the Twin Cities metro area and the nation, this past year has seen a massive spike in catalytic converter theft, a mysterious scourge thought to be a new and lucrative crime of opportunity related to the pandemic. The devices on the underside of cars contain valuable metals that act as oxidation catalysts and are mandated to reduce

  • new catalytic technology commercialized in the usa during the

    New catalytic technology commercialized in the USA during the

    Applied Catalysis, 78 (1991) 141-173 Elsevier Science Publishers B.V., Amsterdam Review 141 New catalytic technology commercialized in the USA during the 1980's John N. Armor Air Products and Chemicals, Inc., 7201 Hamilton Blvd., Allentown, PA 18195 (USA), tel. (+1-215)4815791, fax.

  • new catalytic technology commercialized in the usa during the

    New catalytic technology commercialized in the USA during the

    This article extends an earlier summary on the same subject done for the 1980s. It summarizes catalytic chemical, petroleum, biochemical, and environmental technology that was successfully commercialized during the decade of the 1990s within the USA.

  • 2 new opportunities in catalytic technology | catalysis looks

    2 NEW OPPORTUNITIES IN CATALYTIC TECHNOLOGY | Catalysis Looks

    The chemical industry is one of the largest of all U.S. industries, with sales in 1990 of $292 billion and employment of 1.1 million. 1 It is one of the nations's few industries that produces a favorable trade balance; the United States now exports chemical products amounting to almost twice the value of those that it imports (exports of roughly $37 billion compared to imports valued at about

  • a history of industrial catalysis - sciencedirect

    A history of industrial catalysis - ScienceDirect

    The often novel, catalytic properties of zeolites created new commercial applications, while environmental legislation created market pull to use catalysis to meet the new regulatory standards. As we move forward into the new century, we continue to see market pull from growing interests in biomass, sustainability, emissions control, and energy.

  • basf launches a new tri-metal catalyst - united states

    BASF launches a new Tri-Metal Catalyst - United States

    Adoption of the Tri-Metal Catalyst can reduce catalytic converter costs for automakers and partially rebalance market demand for PGMs, thereby enhancing PGM market sustainability. To date, this new technology has successfully met technical customer specifications during extensive development and testing undertaken by BASF.

  • new technology promises better catalytic converter | the

    New technology promises better catalytic converter | The

    A novel design for a catalytic converter disperses nanoparticles of the catalytic noble metal platinum on nanowires and then sheaths the wires is a layer of silica pierced with holes. The silica prevents the platinum catalyst from aggregating, while the pores allow gases to reach the platinum catalyst. The design might one day reduce the amount of platinum needed to detoxify exhaust gases.

  • new catalytic technology commercialized in the usa during the

    New catalytic technology commercialized in the USA during the

    Applied Catalysis, 78 (1991) 141-173 Elsevier Science Publishers B.V., Amsterdam Review 141 New catalytic technology commercialized in the USA during the 1980's John N. Armor Air Products and Chemicals, Inc., 7201 Hamilton Blvd., Allentown, PA 18195 (USA), tel. (+1-215)4815791, fax.

  • new catalytic technology commercialized in the usa during the

    New catalytic technology commercialized in the USA during the

    This article extends an earlier summary on the same subject done for the 1980s. It summarizes catalytic chemical, petroleum, biochemical, and environmental technology that was successfully commercialized during the decade of the 1990s within the USA.

  • 2 new opportunities in catalytic technology | catalysis looks

    2 NEW OPPORTUNITIES IN CATALYTIC TECHNOLOGY | Catalysis Looks

    The chemical industry is one of the largest of all U.S. industries, with sales in 1990 of $292 billion and employment of 1.1 million. 1 It is one of the nations's few industries that produces a favorable trade balance; the United States now exports chemical products amounting to almost twice the value of those that it imports (exports of roughly $37 billion compared to imports valued at about

  • catalytic advancements since haber bosch - ammonia know how

    Catalytic Advancements since Haber Bosch - Ammonia Know How

    Although the technology changed very little during this period, production capacity increased significantly driven by nitrogen products demand during World War II. In 1932, there were only ten plants in the United States. By the early 1940’s, 10 more plants had been built in the US with a total capacity more than twice that in 1932.

  • 28 ways military tech changed our lives

    28 ways military tech changed our lives

    Nazi Germany pushed the technology forward during WWII with a number of UAVs aimed at dealing out death, but the US Military is perhaps most well-known for its drone use in more recent years.

  • a history of industrial catalysis - sciencedirect

    A history of industrial catalysis - ScienceDirect

    The often novel, catalytic properties of zeolites created new commercial applications, while environmental legislation created market pull to use catalysis to meet the new regulatory standards. As we move forward into the new century, we continue to see market pull from growing interests in biomass, sustainability, emissions control, and energy.

  • new catalytic technology commercialized in the usa during the

    New catalytic technology commercialized in the USA during the

    This review attempts to summarize catalytic chemical, petroleum, and environmental technology and catalysts that reached a commercial level in the USA during the decade of the 1990s. The information expands an earlier summary for the prior decade and published in 1991 [1] ; there over 130 specific examples summarized.

  • new catalytic technology commercialized in the usa during the

    New catalytic technology commercialized in the USA during the

    This article extends an earlier summary on the same subject done for the 1980s. It summarizes catalytic chemical, petroleum, biochemical, and environmental technology that was successfully commercialized during the decade of the 1990s within the USA.

  • sorry, conspiracy theorists. study concludes covid-19 'is not

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    Conspiracy theories claiming COVID-19 was engineered in a lab as part of a biological attack on the United States have been gaining traction online in recent weeks, but a new study on the origins

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    On June 30, 2020, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration released its much anticipated guidance on the licensure of COVID-19 (SARS-CoV-2) vaccines. According to the New York Times, there are currently over 145 COVID-19 vaccines in development across the globe with 20 in human trials.

  • covid-19 testing - wikipedia

    COVID-19 testing - Wikipedia

    US President Donald Trump displays a COVID-19 testing kit from Abbott Laboratories in March 2020. Abbott Laboratories ' ID Now nucleic acid test uses isothermal amplification technology. [213] The assay amplifies a unique region of the virus's RdRp gene; the resulting copies are then detected with " fluorescently-labeled molecular beacons". [214]

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    COVID-19 Impact to Property & Casualty Insurance | Deloitte US

    The impact on actuarial teams. The economic and societal shifts experienced during the pandemic means the COVID-19 impact to the P&C insurance industry will likely continue moving forward, whether it is through government-backed pandemic insurance, rebates, disruptions to exposure and cost trends, or new interpretations of coverage language.

  • new catalytic technology commercialized in the usa during the

    New catalytic technology commercialized in the USA during the

    Applied Catalysis, 78 (1991) 141-173 Elsevier Science Publishers B.V., Amsterdam Review 141 New catalytic technology commercialized in the USA during the 1980's John N. Armor Air Products and Chemicals, Inc., 7201 Hamilton Blvd., Allentown, PA 18195 (USA), tel. (+1-215)4815791, fax.

  • new catalytic technology commercialized in the usa during the

    New catalytic technology commercialized in the USA during the

    This article extends an earlier summary on the same subject done for the 1980s. It summarizes catalytic chemical, petroleum, biochemical, and environmental technology that was successfully commercialized during the decade of the 1990s within the USA.

  • new, more accurate coronavirus test proposed by technion

    New, more accurate coronavirus test proposed by Technion

    A new testing method for the coronavirus, proposed in a recent study published by the Technion's Faculty of Biomedical Engineering, headed by Prof. Amit Meller, could pave the way to more accurate

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    New approach to airborne disinfection uses food-coloring dyes

    – The COVID-19 pandemic has shed new light on the needs for improved disinfection methods, both for individuals and facilities. Purdue University innovators have developed an airborne disinfection method – using food-coloring dyes – to be applied to the entire body and rooms for sterilization purposes and lowering the risk of infection.

  • coronavirus: california economy faces job losses in 2020

    Coronavirus: California economy faces job losses in 2020

    The coronavirus might imperil California's record-setting economic boom, which faces the forbidding prospect of job losses this year, although the Bay Area and its vigorous tech sector are poised

  • new catalytic technology commercialized in the usa during the

    New catalytic technology commercialized in the USA during the

    Applied Catalysis, 78 (1991) 141-173 Elsevier Science Publishers B.V., Amsterdam Review 141 New catalytic technology commercialized in the USA during the 1980's John N. Armor Air Products and Chemicals, Inc., 7201 Hamilton Blvd., Allentown, PA 18195 (USA), tel. (+1-215)4815791, fax.

  • new catalytic technology commercialized in the usa during the

    New catalytic technology commercialized in the USA during the

    This article extends an earlier summary on the same subject done for the 1980s. It summarizes catalytic chemical, petroleum, biochemical, and environmental technology that was successfully commercialized during the decade of the 1990s within the USA.

  • houdry process for catalytic cracking - national historic

    Houdry Process for Catalytic Cracking - National Historic

    In the United States today, more than half of the 300 million gallons of gasoline used each day to fuel more than 150 million passenger cars is produced by catalytic-cracking technology. High-octane gasoline paved the way to high compression-ratio engines, higher engine performance and greater fuel economy.

  • 2 new opportunities in catalytic technology | catalysis looks

    2 NEW OPPORTUNITIES IN CATALYTIC TECHNOLOGY | Catalysis Looks

    The chemical industry is one of the largest of all U.S. industries, with sales in 1990 of $292 billion and employment of 1.1 million. 1 It is one of the nations's few industries that produces a favorable trade balance; the United States now exports chemical products amounting to almost twice the value of those that it imports (exports of roughly $37 billion compared to imports valued at about

  • refining, history of | encyclopedia.com

    Refining, History of | Encyclopedia.com

    By the mid-1990s, the technology was virtually the only catalytic cracking process in operation in the major refineries. The technology accounted for over 95 percent of all high-octane fuel within the United States. By 1997, there were approximately 350 fluid cracking facilities in operation worldwide, most located within the United States.

  • does america need a technology policy?

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    The fact is, the issue isn’t whether the United States should have a technology policy—it already does—but what kind of government policies and programs make sense in the new competitive

  • new catalytic technology commercialized in the usa during the

    New catalytic technology commercialized in the USA during the

    Applied Catalysis, 78 (1991) 141-173 Elsevier Science Publishers B.V., Amsterdam Review 141 New catalytic technology commercialized in the USA during the 1980's John N. Armor Air Products and Chemicals, Inc., 7201 Hamilton Blvd., Allentown, PA 18195 (USA), tel. (+1-215)4815791, fax.

  • new catalytic technology commercialized in the usa during the

    New catalytic technology commercialized in the USA during the

    This review attempts to summarize catalytic chemical, petroleum, and environmental technology and catalysts that reached a commercial level in the USA during the decade of the 1990s. The information expands an earlier summary for the prior decade and published in 1991 [1] ; there over 130 specific examples summarized.

  • new catalytic technology commercialized in the usa during the

    New catalytic technology commercialized in the USA during the

    Volume 222, Issues 1–2, 20 December 2001, Pages 407-426 New catalytic technology commercialized in the USA during the 1990s Author links open overlay panel John N Armor

  • 2 new opportunities in catalytic technology | catalysis looks

    2 NEW OPPORTUNITIES IN CATALYTIC TECHNOLOGY | Catalysis Looks

    The chemical industry is one of the largest of all U.S. industries, with sales in 1990 of $292 billion and employment of 1.1 million. 1 It is one of the nations's few industries that produces a favorable trade balance; the United States now exports chemical products amounting to almost twice the value of those that it imports (exports of roughly $37 billion compared to imports valued at about

  • 28 ways military tech changed our lives

    28 ways military tech changed our lives

    The radar technology developed during World War II was later adapted for different uses. On the right, a 1944 United States Rubber Company advert for Fighting Tires. This new design was a

  • technology during world war ii - wikipedia

    Technology during World War II - Wikipedia

    Technology played a significant role in World War II.Some of the technologies used during the war were developed during the interwar years of the 1920s and 1930s, much was developed in response to needs and lessons learned during the war, while others were beginning to be developed as the war ended.

  • new catalytic technology commercialized in the usa during the

    New catalytic technology commercialized in the USA during the

    This article extends an earlier summary on the same subject done for the 1980s. It summarizes catalytic chemical, petroleum, biochemical, and environmental technology that was successfully commercialized during the decade of the 1990s within the USA.

  • new catalytic technology commercialized in the usa during the

    New catalytic technology commercialized in the USA during the

    Applied Catalysis, 78 (1991) 141-173 Elsevier Science Publishers B.V., Amsterdam Review 141 New catalytic technology commercialized in the USA during the 1980's John N. Armor Air Products and Chemicals, Inc., 7201 Hamilton Blvd., Allentown, PA 18195 (USA), tel. (+1-215)4815791, fax.

  • 2 new opportunities in catalytic technology | catalysis looks

    2 NEW OPPORTUNITIES IN CATALYTIC TECHNOLOGY | Catalysis Looks

    The chemical industry is one of the largest of all U.S. industries, with sales in 1990 of $292 billion and employment of 1.1 million. 1 It is one of the nations's few industries that produces a favorable trade balance; the United States now exports chemical products amounting to almost twice the value of those that it imports (exports of roughly $37 billion compared to imports valued at about

  • a history of industrial catalysis - sciencedirect

    A history of industrial catalysis - ScienceDirect

    The often novel, catalytic properties of zeolites created new commercial applications, while environmental legislation created market pull to use catalysis to meet the new regulatory standards. As we move forward into the new century, we continue to see market pull from growing interests in biomass, sustainability, emissions control, and energy.

  • chapter 1 history of catalysis - sciencedirect

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    Catalytic reforming has 1 -HISTORY OF CATALYSIS 13 had a great impact: in 1950 about 2% of the U.S. gasoline pool was from catalytic reforming; by the late '50s this figure had risen to 30%. 1.2.5 Hydrorefining Hydrorefining is directly related to the technology developed in coal liquefaction.

  • technological and industrial history of the united states

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    The technological and industrial history of the United States describes the United States' emergence as one of the most technologically advanced nations in the world. The availability of land and literate labor, the absence of a landed aristocracy, the prestige of entrepreneurship, the diversity of climate and large easily accessed upscale and literate markets all contributed to America's

  • houdry process for catalytic cracking - national historic

    Houdry Process for Catalytic Cracking - National Historic

    In the United States today, more than half of the 300 million gallons of gasoline used each day to fuel more than 150 million passenger cars is produced by catalytic-cracking technology. High-octane gasoline paved the way to high compression-ratio engines, higher engine performance and greater fuel economy.

  • basf launches a new tri-metal catalyst - united states

    BASF launches a new Tri-Metal Catalyst - United States

    Adoption of the Tri-Metal Catalyst can reduce catalytic converter costs for automakers and partially rebalance market demand for PGMs, thereby enhancing PGM market sustainability. To date, this new technology has successfully met technical customer specifications during extensive development and testing undertaken by BASF.

  • the evolution of catalytic converters | feature | rsc education

    The evolution of catalytic converters | Feature | RSC Education

    The United States Environmental Protection Agency is now proposing specific N 2 O regulations also for implementation from 2014. To address these challenges chemists and engineers are required more than ever before to advance the emissions control technologies already available, and to invent new ways of defeating the problem of motor vehicle

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    Scientists hope to find a way to recycle the bismuth to make the new technology more eco-friendly and cost-effective. RELATED New catalytic reactor turns CO2 into before it is commercialized

  • socalgas works to develop new technology that makes carbon

    SoCalGas Works to Develop New Technology that Makes Carbon

    The technology commercialization team includes SoCalGas, C4, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), a U.S. Department of Energy national laboratory located in Richland, Washington, and West

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  • houdry process for catalytic cracking - national historic

    Houdry Process for Catalytic Cracking - National Historic

    In the United States today, more than half of the 300 million gallons of gasoline used each day to fuel more than 150 million passenger cars is produced by catalytic-cracking technology. High-octane gasoline paved the way to high compression-ratio engines, higher engine performance and greater fuel economy.

  • basf launches a new tri-metal catalyst - united states

    BASF launches a new Tri-Metal Catalyst - United States

    Adoption of the Tri-Metal Catalyst can reduce catalytic converter costs for automakers and partially rebalance market demand for PGMs, thereby enhancing PGM market sustainability. To date, this new technology has successfully met technical customer specifications during extensive development and testing undertaken by BASF.

  • the evolution of catalytic converters | feature | rsc education

    The evolution of catalytic converters | Feature | RSC Education

    The United States Environmental Protection Agency is now proposing specific N 2 O regulations also for implementation from 2014. To address these challenges chemists and engineers are required more than ever before to advance the emissions control technologies already available, and to invent new ways of defeating the problem of motor vehicle

  • cracking the catalytic code - phys.org

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    The newly developed ability to tap previously inaccessible shale gas deposits during the last decade has created an abundant source of gases, including methane, ethane and propane, that are used

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    ADVANCES IN CATALYTIC REFORMING (October 2006) First commercialized in 1940, catalytic reforming remains the dominant process for producing high octane gasoline blendstocks and refinery hydrogen. Reforming is also a major source of aromatic (benzene, toluene and xylenes (BTX)) petrochemical feedstock. Over 78% of

  • refining, history of | encyclopedia.com

    Refining, History of | Encyclopedia.com

    By the mid-1990s, the technology was virtually the only catalytic cracking process in operation in the major refineries. The technology accounted for over 95 percent of all high-octane fuel within the United States. By 1997, there were approximately 350 fluid cracking facilities in operation worldwide, most located within the United States.