• what phthalates / adipates or other plasticizers can be found

    What phthalates / adipates or other plasticizers can be found

    PET & polycarbonates do not usually contain phthalates or adipates or other plasticizers. Besides HDPE, PET & polycarbonates (with minimum amounts of additives for coloring mainly) are widely used

  • 5 sources of phthalate and adipate contamination you probably

    5 Sources of Phthalate and Adipate Contamination You Probably

    In other words, adipates and phthalates are used to manufacture materials that are bendy but tough. Plasticizers are added to the polymer melt in “free form” which means that they are just dumped into the mixture and stirred up to disperse the plasticizer equally.

  • ortho-phthalates - plasticisers - information center

    Ortho-phthalates - Plasticisers - Information Center

    Other ortho-phthalates. There are other kinds of ortho-phthalate plasticisers with less than 3 carbon atoms in their backbone (e.g. DMP, DEP,). They are used in very specific applications not related to PVC at all e.g. household and personal care products. For example, the non-classified ortho-phthalates, DMP and DEP are the most widely used in

  • a better alternative to phthalates? | nist

    A Better Alternative to Phthalates? | NIST

    Phthalates are often called plasticizers and can be found not only in personal care products to help them maintain a gel-like consistency but also in garden hoses, inflatable toys and medical tubing. “They are used to provide flexibility in plastics. Think of a rubber ducky and how squishy it is.

  • phthalate plasticizer - an overview

    Phthalate Plasticizer - an overview

    The use of furan derivatives and 2,5-dicarboxylates of furan and tetrahydrofuran in particular as effective plasticizers of PVC and other polymers was patented by BASF [76], Dow [77] and Evonik [78], to name a few. Plant-based resins are a source of terpenes that, according to some patent applications, can also be used as plasticizers.

  • plasticizers: types, uses, classification, selection & regulation

    Plasticizers: Types, Uses, Classification, Selection & Regulation

    Phthalates are economical when compared to other plasticizers In polymers like PVC, phthalates do not bind chemically and leach out of plastics, leading to their occurrence in the environment Some phthalate plasticizers can pose serious risks to health as they are carcinogens and/or developmental toxins

  • a better alternative to phthalates? | eurekalert! science news

    A better alternative to Phthalates? | EurekAlert! Science News

    Phthalates are often called plasticizers and can be found not only in personal care products to help them maintain a gel-like consistency but also in garden hoses, inflatable toys and medical tubing.

  • selecting plasticizers for adhesives and sealants

    Selecting Plasticizers for Adhesives and Sealants

    Plasticizers are commonly classified based on their chemical composition because it is easier to understand the influence of structural elements (e.g., different alcohols in a homologous series of phthalates, adipates, etc.) on the properties of plasticizers and their effect on base polymers.

  • plasticizer - wikipedia

    Plasticizer - Wikipedia

    Ortho-phthalate esters have traditionally been the most dominant plasticizers, but regulatory concerns have led to the move away from classified substances to non-classified which includes high molecular weight ortho-phthalates and other plasticisers, especially in Europe.

  • phthalate risks and alternatives | center for advanced life

    Phthalate Risks and Alternatives | Center for Advanced Life

    HMW ortho-phthalates represent 70% of the plasticizers market, whereas LMW ortho-phthalates comprise about 5% [3]. HMW ortho-phthalates are not yet determined to be endocrine disrupting or carcinogenic, mutagenic, or toxic to reproduction, however, based on studies of rats that show detrimental liver effects, there is reason to be concerned, and there are restrictions on the use of DINP and

  • phthalate - wikipedia

    Phthalate - Wikipedia

    A plasticizer based on vegetable oil that uses single reactor synthesis and is compatible as a primary plasticizer has been developed. It is a ready substitute for dioctyl phthalate. And several other bio-based plasticizers have been and are being developed as alternatives to phthalates [citation needed]. Table of the most common phthalates

  • phthalates: toxic chemicals in vinyl plastic | ecology center

    Phthalates: Toxic Chemicals in Vinyl Plastic | Ecology Center

    Phthalate plasticizers are not chemically bound to vinyl, they can leach, migrate or evaporate into indoor air and concentrate in household dust. Building materials such as vinyl flooring and other consumer products containing phthalates can result in human exposure through direct contact and use, indirectly through leaching into other products

  • plasticizer - an overview

    Plasticizer - an overview

    The data on migration of plasticizers of various chemical structures from plasticized PVC films into non-plasticized PVC, polyisobutylene, polystyrene, PMMA and other polymers can be found elsewhere. 73 These results show the influence of plasticizer and polymer nature on plasticizer migration during contact of two materials. The data on the