• [toxicity effects of phthalate substitute plasticizers used

    [Toxicity effects of phthalate substitute plasticizers used

    Phthalate esters are widely used as plasticizers in polyvinyl chloride products. Because of human health concerns, regulatory authorities in Japan, US, Europe and other countries control the use of di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate, diisononyl phthalate, di-n-butyl phthalate, butylbenzyl phthalate, diisode …

  • [toxicity effects of phthalate substitute plasticizers used

    [Toxicity effects of phthalate substitute plasticizers used

    For DINA and TBC, available data are insufficient for assessing the hazards, and therefore, adequate toxicity studies should be conducted. In the present review, the toxicity information on 6 alternatives to phthalate plasticizers is summarized, focusing on the effects after oral exposure, which is the route of most concern.

  • [toxicity effects of phthalate substitute plasticizers used

    [Toxicity effects of phthalate substitute plasticizers used

    Request PDF | [Toxicity effects of phthalate substitute plasticizers used in toys] | Phthalate esters are widely used as plasticizers in polyvinyl chloride products. Because of human health

  • phthalates and other plasticizers | cpsc.gov

    Phthalates and Other Plasticizers | CPSC.gov

    Review of Exposure and Toxicity Data for Phthalate Substitutes: 06/01/2001: Diisononyl Phthalate (DINP) 08/31/1998: Health effects update, acceptable daily oral intake, and carcinogenicity of diisononylphthalate (DINP) 09/01/1985: Chronic Hazard Advisory Panel on DEHP: Part 1: 09/01/1985: Chronic Hazard Advisory Panel on DEHP: Part 4: 09/01/1985

  • review of exposure and toxicity data for phthalate substitutes

    Review of Exposure and Toxicity Data for Phthalate Substitutes

    Act of 2008 (CPSIA) placing restrictions on the use of six dialkyl ortho-phthalates (o-DAPs) in children’s toys or child care articles. The CPSIA also directs the Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) to convene a Chronic Hazard Advisory Panel to investigate the potential health effects of phthalates and phthalate substitutes. The

  • phthalates: toxic chemicals in vinyl plastic | ecology center

    Phthalates: Toxic Chemicals in Vinyl Plastic | Ecology Center

    “Some phthalates- such as DBP, BBP, DEHP and DINP- are able to disrupt male sexual differentiation by interfering with androgen biosynthesis;” (p.106). The NAS also cited strong evidence that exposure to a low-dose mixture of five phthalates caused these effects even when exposure to each phthalate individually showed no effect.

  • pediatric exposure and potential toxicity of phthalate

    Pediatric Exposure and Potential Toxicity of Phthalate

    Phthalates are plasticizers that are added to polyvinyl chloride (PVC) products to impart flexibility and durability. They are produced in high volume and generate extensive though poorly defined human exposures and unique childhood exposures. Phthalates are animal carcinogens and can cause fetal death, malformations, and reproductive toxicity in laboratory animals. Toxicity profiles and

  • phthalate plasticizer toxicity explained | buildinggreen

    Phthalate Plasticizer Toxicity Explained | BuildingGreen

    Plasticizers are added to the rigid PVC to make it flexible. Conventional plasticizers are almost universally a type of phthalate ester (phthalate for short), a class of chemical that’s coming under increasing scrutiny. It’s common to lump phthalate plasticizers together.

  • phthalate risks and alternatives | center for advanced life

    Phthalate Risks and Alternatives | Center for Advanced Life

    HMW ortho-phthalates represent 70% of the plasticizers market, whereas LMW ortho-phthalates comprise about 5% [3]. HMW ortho-phthalates are not yet determined to be endocrine disrupting or carcinogenic, mutagenic, or toxic to reproduction, however, based on studies of rats that show detrimental liver effects, there is reason to be concerned, and there are restrictions on the use of DINP and

  • phthalate plasticizers' effects on human health - news

    Phthalate Plasticizers' Effects On Human Health - News

    Even though its health effects have been questioned, it is still widely used as a plasticizer due to its plasticizing performance and low cost. Increasingly, and especially in commodity all-purpose applications, the C9 (diisononylphthalate (DINP)) and C10 (diisodecylphthalate (DIDP)) iso-phthalate plasticizers are competing with DEHP.

  • phthalates – toxicity, side effects, diseases

    Phthalates – toxicity, side effects, diseases

    Phthalates make plastics more flexible and harder to break. There are several different kinds of phthalates, but all of them are referred to as “plasticizers”. Some phthalates are used as solvents (dissolving agents) for other materials. List of known side effects

  • dibutyl phthalate — toxicity, side effects, diseases

    Dibutyl phthalate — toxicity, side effects, diseases

    Likewise, the toxic plasticizer may negatively affect both liver and kidney health. The chemical is harmful to the skin too. Items that can contain dibutyl phthalate. Dibutyl phthalate is primarily used as a plasticizer in resins and polymers such as polyvinyl chloride, according to a Green Facts entry. Likewise, the chemical can be found in

  • a better alternative to phthalates? -- sciencedaily

    A better alternative to phthalates? -- ScienceDaily

    As a result, many manufacturers have replaced phthalates with chemicals such as DINCH, another type of plasticizer, but less is known about the effects of this chemical compound on humans.