• epoxidized jatropha oil as a sustainable plasticizer to poly

    Epoxidized Jatropha Oil as a Sustainable Plasticizer to Poly

    Edible vegetable oils, such as palm oil, soybean oil, rapeseed oil, and sunflower oil, have all become major sources for plasticizer production in recent decades. Extensive research on epoxidized palm oil as a plasticizer has been conducted by researchers from Malaysia, including Al-Mulla et al. [ 6 ], Silverajah et al. [ 7 ], Tee et al. [ 8

  • epoxidized jatropha oil as a sustainable plasticizer to poly

    Epoxidized Jatropha Oil as a Sustainable Plasticizer to Poly

    Epoxidized Jatropha Oil as a Sustainable Plasticizer to Poly(lactic Acid) Buong Woei Chieng 1,2,*, Nor Azowa Ibrahim 1,2, Yoon Yee Then 3 and Yuet Ying Loo 4 1 Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia; norazowa@upm.edu.my

  • epoxidized jatropha oil as a sustainable plasticizer to poly

    Epoxidized Jatropha Oil as a Sustainable Plasticizer to Poly

    Epoxidized Jatropha Oil as a Sustainable Plasticizer to Poly(lactic Acid) by Buong Woei Chieng 1,2,* , Nor Azowa Ibrahim 1,2 , Yoon Yee Then 3 and Yuet Ying Loo 4 1

  • epoxidized jatropha oil as a sustainable plasticizer to poly

    Epoxidized Jatropha Oil as a Sustainable Plasticizer to Poly

    Request PDF | Epoxidized Jatropha Oil as a Sustainable Plasticizer to Poly(lactic Acid) | A renewable resource, epoxidized jatropha oil (EJO), was used as a green plasticizer and added to poly

  • mechanical and physical properties of kenaf-reinforced poly

    Mechanical and physical properties of kenaf-reinforced poly

    Jatropha oil having 78.9% unsaturated fatty acids, which is mainly comprised of oleic acid (44.7%) and linoleic acid (32.8%) and higher proportion of unsaturated fatty acids than that of palm oil (56.6%) (Sarin et al. 2007). There is a lack of published work on using epoxidized jatropha oil (EJO) as a plasticizer for PLA/natural fiber systems.

  • preparation and properties of plasticized poly(lactic acid

    Preparation and Properties of Plasticized Poly(lactic acid

    Epoxidized Jatropha Oil as a Sustainable Plasticizer to Poly(lactic Acid). Polymers 2017 , 9 (12) , 204. DOI: 10.3390/polym9060204.

  • green plastic: jatropha oil-plasticized poly(lactic acid)

    GREEN PLASTIC: JATROPHA OIL-PLASTICIZED POLY(LACTIC ACID)

    EJO is epoxidized derivative of jatropha oil which content high amount of oxirane content (4 – 6 %) compared to other edible oils such as palm oil and soybean oil. This plasticizer is biodegradable, non-volatile, non-toxic and exhibits no or minimum leaching or migration during use or aging. EJO significantly improved flexibility

  • preparation and properties of plasticized poly(lactic acid

    Preparation and Properties of Plasticized Poly(lactic acid

    Epoxidized Jatropha Oil as a Sustainable Plasticizer to Poly(lactic Acid). Polymers 2017 , 9 (12) , 204. DOI: 10.3390/polym9060204.

  • blends of epoxidized alkyd resins based on jatropha oil

    Blends of Epoxidized Alkyd Resins Based on Jatropha Oil

    Alkyd resins with 100% phthalic anhydride were prepared from jatropha oil by two-stage alcoholysis–polyesterification reactions. To improve the performance characteristics, resins were blended with different wt % of epoxidized jatropha oil (EJO) and aqueous citric acid solution without the addition of any other catalyst or solvent. Blending was facilitated via epoxidation of the alkyd resins

  • synthesis of an efficient bio-based plasticizer derived

    Synthesis of an efficient bio-based plasticizer derived

    In order to develop an efficient and sustainable plasticizer, the waste cooking oil and malic acid were used as the main raw materials in this study to synthesize a bio-based plasticizer (acetylated-fatty acid methyl ester-malic acid ester, AC-FAME-MAE) by environment-friendly methods, and the structure was characterized by FTIR and 1 H NMR.

  • preparation and characterization of jatropha oil-based

    Preparation and characterization of Jatropha oil-based

    Epoxidized and hydroxylation of jatropha oil were synthesised in bulk according to slightly modified procedures that have been previously described in the literature . Jatropha oil (400 g), formic acid (35.5 ml) and sulfuric (4.5 ml) were stirred continuously with mechanical stirrer for about 30 minutes at temperature 40 °C.

  • improvement of pla film ductility by plasticization

    Improvement of PLA film ductility by plasticization

    In this work, karanja oil has been epoxidized and further used as biobased plasticizer to improve some properties of poly (lactic acid) (PLA). The use of epoxidized karanja oil (EKO) has been studied because karanja oil is used in organic farming as an insecticide and generating an epoxidation of the oil can act as a PLA plasticizer.