• organophosphorus flame-retardant and plasticizer analysis

    Organophosphorus flame-retardant and plasticizer analysis

    Highlights First worldwide interlaboratory study on organophosphorus flame retardants (PFRs). Blank contamination is the biggest challenge in the analysis of PFRs. Variations acceptable for standard solutions, but not under control for real samples. CVs were 7–48% for dust, 13–68% for fish oil, and 15–96% for sediment (except TiBP). Recommendations and precautions aim to provide better

  • organophosphorus flame retardants and plasticizers in the

    Organophosphorus flame retardants and plasticizers in the

    Air samples collected in the German part of the North Sea from March to July 2010 were investigated for organophosphorus compounds (OPs) being applied as flame retardants and plasticizers. The ∑ 8 OPs concentration ranged from 110 to 1400 pg m −3 while tris(2-chloroisopropyl) phosphate (TCPP) dominated all samples with individual

  • organophosphorus flame retardants and plasticizers: sources

    Organophosphorus flame retardants and plasticizers: Sources

    Organophosphorus flame retardants and plasticizers: Sources, occurrence, toxicity and human exposure Author links open overlay panel Gao-Ling Wei a Ding-Qiang Li a b Mu-Ning Zhuo a Yi-Shan Liao a Zhen-Yue Xie a Tai-Long Guo a Jun-Jie Li a Si-Yi Zhang a Zhi-Quan Liang a c

  • 2.1: organophosphorus flame retardant and plasticizer

    2.1: Organophosphorus flame retardant and plasticizer

    2.1: Organophosphorus flame retardant and plasticizer analysis - challenges and recommendations based on the first worldwide interlaboratory study Trends in Analytical Chemistry (2013), 43, 217-228. Sicco H. Brandsma1, Jacob de Boer1, Wim P. Cofino2, Adrian Covaci3, Pim E.G. Leonards1

  • organophosphorus flame retardants and plasticizer analysis

    Organophosphorus flame retardants and plasticizer analysis

    T1 - Organophosphorus flame retardants and plasticizer analysis, including recommendations from the first worldwide interlaboratory study AU - Brandsma, S.H. AU - de Boer, J.

  • a review of organophosphate flame retardants and plasticizers

    A review of organophosphate flame retardants and plasticizers

    Organophosphate esters (OPEs) are used as additives in flame retardants and plasticizers. Due to phase out of several congeners of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs), the application of organophosphorus flame retardants (OPFRs) is continuously increasing over the years. As a consequence, large amounts of OPEs enter the environment.

  • organophosphorus flame retardants and plasticizers in the

    Organophosphorus flame retardants and plasticizers in the

    This study reports the occurrence and distribution of organophosphorus flame retardants and plasticizers (OPEs) in the Elbe and Rhine rivers. A special focus of this investigation concerns the potential impacts of a major flood event in 2013 on the OPE patterns and levels in the Elbe River.

  • organophosphorus flame-retardant and plasticizer analysis

    Organophosphorus flame-retardant and plasticizer analysis

    Organophosphorus flame-retardant and plasticizer analysis, including recommendations from the first worldwide interlaboratory study Article in TrAC Trends in Analytical Chemistry 43:217-228

  • organophosphate ester flame retardants and plasticizers

    Organophosphate Ester Flame Retardants and Plasticizers

    Organophosphorus flame-retardant and plasticizer analysis, including recommendations from the first worldwide interlaboratory study. TrAC Trends in Analytical Chemistry 2013, 43, 217-228. DOI: 10.1016/j.trac.2012.12.004. Ike van der Veen, Jacob de Boer.

  • [pdf] organophosphorus flame retardant and plasticizer

    [PDF] Organophosphorus flame retardant and plasticizer

    @inproceedings{Brandsma2014OrganophosphorusFR, title={Organophosphorus flame retardant and plasticizer analysis-challenges and recommendations based on the first worldwide interlaboratory study Trends in Analytical Chemistry}, author={Sicco H Brandsma and Jacob de Boer and Wim P. Cofino and Adrian Covaci and Pim E. G. Leonards}, year={2014} }

  • (pdf) organophosphorus flame retardants and plasticizers

    (PDF) Organophosphorus flame retardants and plasticizers

    Due to the restricted use and ban of brominated flame retardants, organophosphorus compounds (OPs), extensively used as flame retardants and plasticizers, are ubiquitous in various environmental

  • organophosphorus flame retardants and plasticizers in breast

    Organophosphorus Flame Retardants and Plasticizers in Breast

    Organophosphate esters (OPEs) are used in consumer products as flame retardants and plasticizers. Little is known, however, about the occurrence and profiles of OPEs in human milk. In this study, 14 OPEs were measured in 100 breast milk samples collected from the United States during the period of 2009–2012, using high-performance liquid chromatography and tandem mass spectrometry. The sum